Eclecticism flourished in the years 1830-1890. The innovators were European architects who, in search of inspiration, began to mix details from different classical movements. They tried to create something unusual and fashionable based on the familiar. Development was helped by active ties between continents: Europeans brought exotic things to their homeland from subordinate colonies and decorated houses and apartments with them. In North America, eclecticism has also taken root. Today fusion is considered his ideological follower.
These two directions are very similar since both are a mix. But there are differences. Chronologically, eclecticism was earlier – in the 19th century – and preferred to combine thematically similar stylistics (baroque and classic, modern, and empire). Fusion is perceived by many as a continuation of eclecticism in the 20th and 21st centuries, but this direction provides more contrasting themes: English classics, hi-tech, minimalism, ethnicity, country.
Eclectic design in a modern broad sense and fusion are usually synonymous.
Today, eclectic design is called a design that cannot be attributed to any particular style. Does this mean that any chaotic set of objects and decorations can be considered fashionable? Not. Eclecticism is one of the most difficult interior genres precisely because it needs a balance between clever combination and bad taste.
You can, of course, mix similar themes, but the effect of contrasting combinations is much more interesting. For example, a fancy classic table and a modern chair with colorful upholstery make a great pair. If the silhouette is similar (for example, two chairs), you can play on the difference in their style.
Another recognizable feature is the richness of objects and decor.
Such an environment is always filled with a variety of textile accessories (pillows, curtains, napkins), the walls are hung with paintings, photographs, mirrors. Unusual textures and ornaments dominate. Accessories are the key to the eclectic style.
Vintage items are welcome: refurbished chairs, dressing tables, display cases. An advantageous contrasting addition to them will be sofas and armchairs of modern silhouettes and colors. Furniture made of different materials (wood, glass, metal) and historical eras will look harmonious if, in its selection, guided by the unity of color, ornaments, or decorative elements.
Color is one of the main techniques to logically combine disparate environments. The palette depends on individual preferences, you can use almost any color – pastel and bright. It is better not to combine more than five colors so as not to drown in variegation.
Background surfaces (walls, ceiling, floor) should not compete with objects for the attention of the beholder. Their task is to beautifully emphasize and shade. Therefore, for the background, you should choose neutral, unobtrusive shades.