Urea (?CH4N2O), or carbamide, refers to a highly soluble nitrogenous compound that is naturally found in the human liver. It is commercially synthesized by combining ammonia with carbon dioxide (CO2) under high pressure to obtain solid odorless white pellets or crystals. Urea is primarily used in the production of urethane, which is further polymerized to form polyurethane foams. It is also utilized in the manufacturing of fertilizers, feed supplements, pharmaceuticals, adhesives, laminates, molding compounds, resins, coatings and textile finishes. It finds extensive applications across various industries, including agriculture, chemical, automotive and medical.
The global urea market exhibited stable growth during 2015-2020. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the market to grow at a CAGR of around 3% during 2021-2026.
Significant growth in the agriculture industry across the globe is one of the key factors driving the market growth. In comparison to traditionally used ammonium nitrate, urea is more cost-effective and offers higher crop yield in lesser time. This has resulted in the widespread adoption of urea as a fertilizer and animal feed additive. Furthermore, the increasing utilization of urea in the automotive industry is also contributing to the market growth. Urea is extensively utilized in this industry to minimize nitrogen oxide emissions from diesel automobiles. Automotive urea, or diesel exhaust fluid (DEF), is injected into the exhaust systems and tanks of trucks, buses, cars and sports utility vehicles (SUVs) to remove nitrogen oxide from the diesel exhaust. The availability of premium-quality technical grade urea, which is extensively utilized in the manufacturing of medical drugs, dyes, disinfectants, cosmetics and yeast, is acting as another major growth-inducing factor. Other factors, including advancements in melting and granulation technologies to enhance energy and cost-effectiveness of urea, along with the growing demand for urea in the chemical industry, are projected to drive the market further.
The competitive landscape of the industry includes the urea manufacturing companies being Acron, BASF SE, BIP (Oldbury) Limited, EuroChem, Jiangsu Sanmu Group Co. Ltd., Koch Fertilizer LLC, OCI Nitrogen, Petrobras, Qatar Fertiliser Company, SABIC and Yara International ASA, etc.