Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a viral infection of the lungs and respiratory tract, which can cause asthma, hospitalization, pneumonia, repeated infections, middle ear infection, and death. It can be diagnosed using blood tests, chest x-rays, a swab of secretions, and pulse oximetry by checking for signs like lung inflammation, white blood cell (WBC) count, and oxygen levels in the blood. Some of the commonly available treatment options for RSV are over-the-counter (OTC) medications, intravenous (IV) fluids, humidified oxygen, mechanical ventilation, and inhaled bronchodilators.
RSV infection can be more serious during the neonatal period as children under two years of age tend to develop severe respiratory symptoms. This, in confluence with the rising focus of parents on child medical care, represents one of the crucial factors fostering the growth of the market. Moreover, the high survival rates after early diagnosis and the easy availability of diagnostic modalities act as other growth-inducing factors. Apart from this, the improving healthcare infrastructure and favorable reimbursement policies for the treatment of hospitalized infants are also contributing to market growth.
Furthermore, the advent of advanced techniques like bio- and nanotechnology is facilitating the development of modern detection systems for RSV, such as western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), direct immunofluorescence, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Besides this, governing agencies of numerous countries are funding research and development (R&D) projects for the development of new therapeutics. Other factors projected to drive the market are the growing number of clinical vaccine trials, the escalating demand for in-vitro diagnostics, rising incidences of childhood pneumonia and the increasing adoption of molecular diagnostics.
The competitive landscape of the industry has also been examined along with the profiles of the key players being Abbott Laboratories, Becton, Dickinson and Company, bioMérieux SA, Bio-Rad Laboratories Inc., Coris BioConcept, DiaSorin Molecular LLC (DiaSorin Inc), F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Merck KGaA, Quest Diagnostics Incorporated, Quidel Corporation and Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.