Disperse Dye Market size is forecast to reach around $9 billion by 2025, after growing at a CAGR of 5.5% during 2020-2025. Disperse dyes are non-ionic dyes, which has low water solubility and exists in water primarily in a highly dispersed state. These dyes are primarily used for dyeing hydrophobic fibers such as polyester, nylon, and acrylic. The major driving factors for disperse dye market are growing consumer demand for color variants in various product categories and growth in end user industries. Surging usage of disperse dyes in the textile industries are expected to impel the global disperse dyes market size. Disperse dyes are also used as a colorant in plastics. Flourishing automotive industry and uses of polyester in various automotive upholstery, further drives the global disperse dyes market share.
Disperse Dye Market Segment Analysis – By Chemical Structure
Azo dyes segment holds the largest share of more than 25% in the disperse dye market in 2019. Azo dyes are compounds that contain at least one azo-group attached to sp2- hybridized carbon atoms, such as benzene, naphthalene, thiazole, and thiophene. Azo disperse dyes are normally 2-3 times stronger than Anthraquinone in tinctorial strength. By virtue of their simplicity and the ease of manufacture, unlike the other types of dyestuffs such as anthraquinone and amino ketone dyes, the cost of manufacturing of azo disperse dyes are comparatively lower. Owing to these factors the demand for azo disperse dyes is increasing, which in turn drive the growth of this market.
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Disperse Dye Market Segment Analysis – By Type
Based on the type, high energy dyes segment holds the largest share of more than 35% in the disperse dye market. High Energy disperse dyes possess low dyeing rate, high sublimation, high molecular weight, and high polarity. These dyes are used to dye at temperature above 129°C and are suitable for continuous dyeing. They provide all round fastness properties. Better resistant to fading when exposed to light is the major factor augmenting the growth of the high energy disperse dyes market. However, high energy disperse dye has low dyeing rates and poor migration during dyeing which will slightly hamper the market growth.
Disperse Dye Market Segment Analysis – By Fiber Type
Polyester segment holds the largest share of more than 30% in the disperse dye market in 2019 owing to increasing demand for polymer-based dyes from automotive, construction, and textile industries. As, polyester fibers are hydrophobic that is they absorb very small amount of water and are widely used for coloring polyester fibers. Polyester fibers exhibit high moduli of elasticity, high resistance to blending deformations, high resistance to abrasion, negligible creep under the low extensions, excellent resistance to oxidizing, and reducing agents. Thus, owing to the excellent properties of polyester, the consumption of polyester based dyes is growing across various applications, which in turn expected to proliferate the growth of disperse dye market. According to the International Trade Centre, a total of 843,433 Tons of high tenacity filament yarn of polyesters were exported worldwide in 2018, an increase of 38,108 Tons.
Disperse Dye Market Segment Analysis – By Application
Based on the application, textile segment holds the largest share of more than 25% in the disperse dye market. Surging use of synthetic fibers such as nylon, rayon, polyester in clothing applications on account of durability, wrinkle, and stain resistance as compared to natural fibers is augmenting the growth of the market. Synthetic fibers are used for making apparels, carpets, upholstery padding, and comforters. The thriving textile industry across the globe and vast technological advances in the field of paints and coatings boost the global demand for disperse dyes.
Disperse Dye Market Segment Analysis – Geography
Asia Pacific has dominated the disperse dye market with a share of more than 45% in 2019 followed by North America and Europe. Population growth coupled with rapid industrialization and high disposable income is driving the growth of disperse dye market in APAC region. Increasing demand for apparel and expanding textile industries across the country is aiding the market growth. According to Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), India’s textile and apparel exports accounted for US$ 38.70 billion in 2019 and is expected to increase to US$ 82.00 billion by 2021. In addition, surging use of polyesters, polyethylene, and viscose raises the demand of disperse dyes. The growing healthcare spending and uses of disperse dyes in the formulation of gowns, masks, surgical cover drapes, surgical hosiery, and wipes is expected to thrive the growth of this market in APAC. For instance, in 2019, the government of Malaysia allocated a sum of US$ 7 billion to the public health sector, an increase of 7.8 per cent from 2018. Healthcare investment in China, increased 78.64 percent year on year to 12.28 billion U.S. dollars in 2018.
Disperse Dye Market Drivers
Rising demand from automotive sector
Surging use of plastic and synthetic hydrophobic fibers in automotive applications such as seat belts, airbags, upholstery, and floor covering are boosting the demand of disperse dye. Disperse dyes are used in resins and plastics for surface and general coloring uses. The disperse dye composition is particularly suitable for dyeing interior fabrics for automobiles. Accelerating use of plastic in automobiles for weight reduction and lower green-house gases emissions increases the demand for disperse dyes. According to the European Automobile Manufacturers Association (ACEA), 92.8 million motor vehicles were produced globally in 2019. Thus, flourishing automotive industry also aid the growth of the disperse die market. Furthermore, rising popularity of electric vehicles and various laws and schemes such as Electric Mobility Act, Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and EV (FAME) scheme to promote environment friendly transport also augments the disperse dye market. According to Edison Electric Institute (EEI) electric vehicles on the U.S. roads will reach 18 million by 2030 which in turn generate strong demand for plastic and bolster the growth of the disperse dye market.
Growing fashion Industry and demand for leather articles
Increasing per-capita income and adoption of western culture in emerging nations especially in China and India has boosted the growth of fashion industry and also increased the demand for leather. Leather are used for making wide variety of goods including footwear, garments, bags, and belts. According to International Trade Center, global spending on export of articles with outer surface of leather, composition leather or patent leather increased by 7.7% accounting for approx. $5,298.2 million in 2019. Huge spending of youth on apparels fashion products is augmenting the market. Also, according to China Luxury Report, Chinese consumers at home and abroad spent 115 billion on luxury fashion items in 2018 which equivalents to a third of the global spend.
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Disperse Dye Market Challenges
Toxicity of Disperse Dyes on human health
Under certain conditions, azo dyes undergo a cleavage to form an “Amino” group. Such compounds are called amines. Some amines are mutagenic and carcinogenic in nature as they can cause cancer. In October 2017, the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) introduced new Vietnamese regulations on the requirements of formaldehyde and azo dyes in textile products. The regulations allow exemptions for certain textile products in which aromatic amines content exceed 30 mg/kg. In addition, the European Union (EU) and the state of California were banned a number of aromatic amines such as 4-aminodiphenyl and Benzidine, 2,4,5-trimethylaniline, owing to their carcinogenic properties. Disperse dyes cause risk of sensitization and elicitation to the body when colored clothes contact to the body. It can also be regarded as potential allergens to children with suspected contact sensitization.
Emergence of COVID-19
The Covid-19 has a considerable impact on the disperse dye market. Self-isolation rules have resulted in short supply and event cancellations. Many industries are shuttered due to lack of manpower. The apparel industry body Clothing Manufacturers Association of India (CMAI) has estimated that if no assistance comes from government either in terms of wage subsidy or revival packages there could be loss of almost 1 crore jobs in the entire textile chain. Due to the coronavirus, purchasing capital of people also decreased which has directly impacted the automotive, construction and textile industries, subsequently affecting the disperse dye market. Also, according to the China Passenger Car Association (CPCA), the first two-month of year 2020 sales declined by 40 percent or more compared to the same period in 2019. Additionally, Sales of new-energy vehicles (NEVs) in China, including electric cars, also continue to decline. NEV sales in June fell 35% YoY to 85,600 units, following a drop of 26% in May and 30% in April. Thus, decline in automobile sales acts as a challenging factor to the market growth.
Technology launches, acquisitions and R&D activities are key strategies adopted by players in the disperse dye market report. In 2019, the market of disperse dye has been consolidated by the top 10 companies accounting for xx% of the share. Major players in the disperse dye market are BASF SE, Archroma, Clariant AG, Atul Limited, Sudharshan Chemical Industries Limited, DIC Corporation, Huntsman Corporation, Kiri Industries Ltd., Kronos Worldwide, Inc., Lanxess AG, and Tronox Limited, among others.
In March 2020, Huntsman Textile launched TERASIL® BLUE W, the latest addition to its range of wash fast disperse dyes. The dye is developed to meet the requirements of high-performance polyester sportswear and athleisure wear.
In July 2019, Archroma launched its new Foron SP-WF, a range of high wet-fast disperse dyes for sportswear and active wear applications. The Foron SP-WF dyes were best suited for the coloration of polyester fibers and microfibers, and polyester blends, in exhaustion application.
Increasing environmental concerns and strict government restrictions in the European Countries on the use of azo disperse dyes that breaks into carcinogenic amines acts as a restraint for the growth of the market.
Growing fashion industry and increasing demand of leather for making bags, footwear, and others is likely to aid the growth of the market.
The outbreak of COVID-19 has hampered the growth of the disperse dye market due to boundary closures, supply chain disruption and social distancing norms.
Related Reports :
A. Polyester Staple Fiber Market
B. Azo Dyes Market
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